Families Facing the Future
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Families Facing the Future: Curriculum
Authors: Kevin P. Haggerty, Elizabeth Mills, and Richard F. Catalano (1993)
The Families Facing the Future curriculum was developed to address the needs of families whose parents are addicted to drugs or alcohol. The curriculum has been field tested at two methadone clinics in Seattle with funding from a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. As with previous curricula, home based services accompany the delivery of this curriculum. A home based service delivery manual is available.
The Families Facing the Future parent training curriculum consists of one five-hour family retreat and 32 hour-and-a-half parent training sessions. Sessions are conducted twice a week over a 16-week period. Children attend 12 of these sessions to practice the skills with their parents. Session topics are targeted at specific risk and protective factors and include:
Family Goal Setting: This five-hour session focuses on bringing a variety of families together to share a common, trust-building experience. Families work together to develop goals for their participation.
Relapse Prevention: These four sessions include identification of relapse signals or triggers, anger and stress control, and creating and practicing a relapse plan in the event of relapse. The primary focus during these sessions is the impact of relapse on the client's children and skills to prevent and cope with relapse situations.
Family Communication Skills: The skills of Paraphrasing, Open Questions, "I" Messages are taught during these sessions. Families practice using the skills during two practice sessions. Families also practice and use Family Involvement Skills to develop family expectations and plans for regular family meetings or family play and fun time. All subsequent groups reinforce the use of the communication skills taught in these early sessions. Families are asked to conduct weekly family meetings to practice the skills learned in the training.
Family Management Skills: Parents learn and practice setting clear and specific expectations, monitoring expectations, rewarding and consequencing negative behaviors. Parents practice implementing "the law of least intervention," using the smallest intervention to get the desired behavior from their child. A variety of discipline practices are learned and practiced by parents. These include, praise, ignoring, expressing feelings, if-then messages, time-outs, and privilege restrictions.
Creating Family Expectations about Drugs and Alcohol: Families work together to define and clarify expectations about drugs and alcohol in their families.
Teaching Children Skills: Parents learn how to teach their children two important skills, Refusal Skills and Problem Solving Skills, using a five-step process.
Helping Children Succeed In School: Parents build on the previously learned skills to create, monitor and consequence a home learning routine for their children.
Parent sessions are conducted with groups of six to eight families. It is necessary to provide practice opportunities as well as skill components that address recurring problem behaviors specific to the needs of the parents. The parent training format combines a peer support and skill training model. The training curriculum teaches skills using the "guided participant modeling." Skills are modeled by trainers and other group members, then discussed by participants. Skills steps are reviewed and then parents practice the steps. Video-tape is frequently used in modeling the skills or during practice of the skills. The training focuses on affective and cognitive as well as behavioral aspects of performance.
The curriculum allows for participant practice in situations they currently face with their own children. Parents complete home extension exercises after each session to generalize the skills from the training setting to the home setting. After parents learn and practice skills, family sessions are conducted where parents and children practice using their new skills together.
The Families Facing the Future case management intervention comprehensively addresses important aspects of family life. The case management intervention is designed to test the effectiveness of: (a) helping families to identify their goals and empowering them to work toward those goals; (b) building on families' strengths to stabilize their household through providing tangible services and skills; (c) working directly with clients and their families to reduce post-treatment relapse factors and risk factors for later drug abuse by children; (d) motivating and encouraging continuation with the parenting skills training; and (e) further reinforcing, practicing, and generalizing parenting skills to the home environment. Case managers approach these tasks by providing families with a prosocial model, offering them opportunities for involvement in prosocial activities, networking them into needed services, and changing their reward structure through coaching and reinforcement of their new skills. Case managers also work with families to accomplish the family goals established in the initial parent training session.
PARENT TRAINING CURRICULUM
Each grouping of sessions will address all of the following issues: Practice exercises, Involvement activities, Developmental issues appropriate to topics, Family meeting activities, Relapse, and Motivation to use the skills.
Marathon Session—Six Hours/Overview
Session 1--Relapse prevention
Session 2--Relapse signals/Anger/Stress
Session 3--Relapse prevention practice
Session 4--Relapse coping
Session 5--Do's and Don'ts of child development (includes teaching skills)
Session 6--Listening/Paraphrasing--open questions
Session 7--Practice (non-verbals, play and talk)
Session 8--I messages/Feeling expression
Session 9--Practice session (play and talk)
Session 10--Identify what you want from child
Session 11--Monitoring (law of least intervention)
Session 12--Positive consequences
Session 13--Positive consequences practice
Session 14--Negative consequences
Session 15--Negative consequences practice
Session 16--Choosing the best skill--Practice session for family management
Session 17--Practice with kids
Session 18--Position on drugs--attitudes/own views
Session 19--Position on drugs--developing a family position
Session 20--Position on drugs--practice with kids
Teaching Your Children Skills
Session 21--Refusal skills--Parents learn
Session 22--Refusal skills--Parents teach kids
Session 23--Refusal skills--Parents and kids learn under pressure
Session 24--Problem solving--SODAS
Session 25--Problem solving--SODAS practice (no kids)
Session 26--Problem solving--SODAS practice with kids
Session 27--Problem solving--Putting it all together
Helping Your Child Succeed In School
Session 29--Monitoring your child's success
Session 30--Monitoring your child's success practice with kids
Session 31--Working with school personnel
Session 32--Termination potluck
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